Gynecology is the medical specialty that deals with women’s reproductive systems. A gynecologist is a physician who specializes in female health care, including the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, disorders, and conditions that affect the female reproductive system.

Many women visit their gynecologist once a year in nyc for a routine checkup or annual exam. During this exam, your doctor may recommend additional tests or procedures to diagnose or treat any problems you might have.

The five most common gynecology procedures and surgeries are:

  • Colposcopy

This is one of the most common obgyn nyc procedures that uses a special magnifying lens to examine cells from the cervix under magnification. Colposcopy may be done if you’ve had a Pap smear result that shows abnormal cells. It shows after treatment for HPV has failed to clear up all visible abnormalities on your cervix before your next Pap smear can be done. The colposcope allows your doctor to check for precancerous conditions and other abnormalities that may require treatment such as cryotherapy or cone biopsy (removing a cone-shaped piece of tissue from your cervix).

  • Hysterectomy

Hysterectomy is the removal of a woman’s uterus. This surgery is usually performed to treat abnormal bleeding or pain caused by fibroids or endometriosis. Hysterectomies can also be performed for benign tumors in the uterus. Hysterectomies are considered major surgeries that require general anesthesia and often an overnight hospital stay.

  • Hysteroscopy

Hysteroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure that uses a camera and light to examine the inside of the uterus and other female reproductive organs. The doctor inserts a narrow tube containing a camera through the vagina and cervix into the uterus. This allows the doctor to see inside the uterus and perform biopsies or remove abnormal tissue found during the test.

  • Dilation and Curettage (D&C)

A D&C is a surgical procedure in which the lining of the uterus is removed with a tool called a curette, which resembles a spoon with sharp edges. This procedure can be performed as an outpatient surgery or as part of another procedure like an abortion or hysterectomy (removal of your uterus).

  • IUD – Removal & Insertion

IUDs, or intrauterine devices, are small and flexible plastic or metal devices inserted into the uterus by a doctor or nurse to prevent pregnancy. They can last for years and are very effective at preventing pregnancy. They’re also reversible and safe for women who want to get pregnant sooner than later.

The type of IUD you get will depend on your needs and preferences. Copper IUDs are hormone-free and contain copper that can help prevent sperm from reaching an egg. Hormonal IUDs contain progestin (a synthetic version of progesterone) which thins the uterine lining, making it harder for an egg to implant there. Both types of IUDs are safe, effective, and reversible when you’re ready to start a family.

Final Words

Gynecology is a huge department of medicine and they are constantly busy with tons of people who need attention. But despite that, you will never feel rushed and can trust in the care you receive. Meeting with your doctor multiple times before making a choice for the surgery is imperative for the best outcome.